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Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD): Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

What Is Borderline Personality Disorder?

 

The abbreviation of Borderline personality disorder is BPD- a mental illness.

It occurs during teens or early childhood.

It’s noticed by a form of emotional imbalance, rash behavior, biased self-identity, and insecure relationships.

About 1.6 percent of teenagers in America have BPD- According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).

 

Borderline Personality Disorder

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What Causes BPD?

 

Scientists are still learning the specific cause of Borderline personality disorder.

Many issues may occur to the disorder, like genetics, serotonin abnormalities and environmental.

 

# Genetics Factors of BPD:

 

BPD may occur through genetic reasons.

A study conducted between twins and BPD revealed that this disorder has a significant genetic factor.

 

# Environmental Factors of BPD:

 

Growing in an unstable, rude, or careless environment may increase the possibility of developing Borderline personality disorder (BPD).

 

# Abnormal Serotonin Production:

 

Serotonin is a hormone that helps to control your mood. Abnormal production of serotonin may make prone to BPD.

 

Who is at Risk of BPD?

 

You may have the possibility of developing Borderline Personality Disorder

(BPD) if:

 

  • Any of your family members had BPD earlier.
  • You experienced emotionally helpless or unstable during childhood.
  • Family members in your home were a stupid decision on you during your childhood.
  • You were sensitively abused as a child.

 

Symptoms of BPD:

 

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) of the US Psychiatric Association’s- the following symptoms of BPD are-

 

  • If you madly try to avoid imaginary or real abandonment.
  • If you have a form of imbalanced relationships. You switch between devaluing and idealizing others in your relationships.
  • If you have an imbalanced self-identity.
  • While you act impulsively as a minimum of two parts of your life in ways that can be self-damaging. Such as, you may spend lots of money or abuse elements.
  • If you have an attempt of suicidal actions in the past.
  • If you have regular mood swings. They typically continue for a few hours or a few days or more.
  • If you have a serious and long-term experience of loneliness.
  • If you get severely angry without reason or have a problem in controlling anger. You may feel angry continually or get in frequent physical fights.
  • If you have stress-related fear or feel a severe disconnection, detachment happens when you feel like your mind is isolated from your body or emotions.
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You must meet as a minimum of five criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) to make a diagnosis with BPD.

If your doctor might think you have BPD, they most likely refer you to a mental health expert.

They may diagnosis your condition.

And will ask you questions and consider your behavioral and emotional history.

 

How is BPD Treated?

 

Your doctor may recommend one or more treatments for BPD like.

 

# Psychotherapy

 

Psychotherapy is the core treatment for BPD.

Your mental health expert may suggest one of the following therapies such as dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and schema-focused therapy.

 

Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) teaches you the ways to identify, be alert of, and accept your opinions and manners.

You also teach the healthy reactions to these behaviors.

 

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) helps you to change unhealthy beliefs, behaviors, and wrong perceptions that you have.

It teaches you healthy ways to respond when you feel anxious, angry, unsafe, or suicidal.

 

Schema-focused therapy helps you to think a more positive way about you and the world.

 

# Medicine:

 

Medicine doesn’t cure BPD, but it can decrease symptoms.

Your doctor may recommend medicine to psychotherapy treatment also.

For instance, they may suggest:

 

  • Antidepressant drug to cure depression
  • Antipsychotics to treat violent symptoms
  • Antianxiety medicines to cure anxiety

 

# Hospitalization:

 

If your symptoms are severe, your doctor may recommend staying temporarily in a hospital.

You may also be hospitalized for suicidal thoughts or behavior, or thinking about damaging yourself or others.

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# Alternative Therapy:

 

Omega-3 fatty acids may decrease depression symptoms for the people with BPD.

More study is required to confirm the benefits of omega-3 fatty acids for Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD).

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