A continual feeling of hopelessness and ineffectiveness is a sign of major depression, also called clinical depression. With major depression, it could be tough to work, sleep, study, eat, and enjoy friends and activities. Some individuals have clinical depression only one time in their lifetime, but others may have it many times in life.
Major depression can occasionally occur from generation to generation, but often it could affect people without a family history of the illness.
Most people feel sad or low at any time in their lives. But clinical depression is noticeable by a depressed mood most of the day, especially in the morning, a loss of attention in regular activities and relationships — symptoms which are present every day for at least two weeks.
According to the DSM-5 — a guide used to diagnose mental health conditions — you might have other symptoms with depression. Those Signs might include:
- Fatigue or loss of energy
- Worthless or guilty feelings almost Every day
- Insomnia or hypersomnia (excessive sleeping) almost Daily.
- Significantly low interest or liking in almost all daily activities (known as anhedonia, reports from others can indicate this symptom)
- Too much weight loss or gain (a change of more than 5 percent of body weight in a month)
Who’s at Risk for Clinical Depression?
Major depression affects about 6.7 percent of the U.S. population over age 18, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. In general, between 20% and 25% of adults may suffer an episode of major depression at some period during their lifetime.
Major depression also affects older adults, teenagers, and kids, but often goes undiagnosed and untreated in those populations.
Almost double as many women then men have major or clinical depression; hormonal changes during puberty, pregnancy, menstruation, menopause, and miscarriage may increase the risk.
Things that increase the risk of clinical depression in women that are physically vulnerable to this include increased stress at home or work, balancing family life with career, and caring for an aging parent.
Symptoms of Clinical Depression in Men:
Depression in men is specifically unknown. Symptoms of depression in men may take in bad temper, anger, alcohol and drug abuse (substance abuse may also be a cause of depression indifference to the consequence of it).
Suppressing negative feelings can lead to violent behavior directed both inwardly and outwardly. It can also increase illness, suicide, and homicide.
What Makes Major Depression?
Some common causes of major depression include:
- Loss of loved one through separation, death, or divorce
- Social loneliness or feelings of being poor
- Major lifestyle changes — moving, graduation, job change, retirement
- Personal conflicts in relationships, possibly with a significant other or a superior
Physical, sexual, or psychological abuse
How Is Major Depression Diagnosed?
A health professional — like your primary care physician or a psychologist — will conduct a thorough medical evaluation. You might be given a screening test for depression at a regular doctor’s visit. Your doctor may ask about your personal and family psychiatric history and may ask you questions that screen for the signs of major depression.
There’s absolutely no blood test, X-ray, or other laboratory tests which may be used to diagnose major depression. However, your physician may run blood tests to help detect any other medical issues that have symptoms similar to those of depression.
By way of instance, hypothyroidism can cause some of the very same symptoms as depression, as an alcohol or drug use and abuse, some medications, and stroke.
How Is Major Depression Treated?
Major or clinical depression is a severe but curable disorder. Based upon the severity of symptoms, your primary care physician or a psychiatrist may recommend treatment with antidepressant drugs. He or she might also suggest psychotherapy, or talk therapy, where you address your emotional state.
Occasionally, other drugs are added to the antidepressant to improve its effectiveness. Certain medications work better for many people.
It may be essential for the doctor to try different medications at different doses to ascertain which drug works well.
Another treatment option for clinical depression is electroconvulsive therapy, also known as ECT or shock therapy — which can be used if drugs prove ineffective or symptoms are acute.
Can Major Depression be Prevented?
As soon as you’ve had an episode of major depression, you’re at high risk of getting another. The ideal way to avoid another episode of depression is to know about the causes of major depression (see above) and to keep on taking the prescribed drugs to prevent relapse.
Additionally, it is essential to understand what the symptoms of major depression are and to speak to your physician early if you have any of these signs.