Understanding Postpartum Depression in Women, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

Postpartum is a kind of mental disorder that usually happens after childbirth.

Maximum women get the “baby blues,” or feel gloomy or empty, within some days of childbirth.

For many women, the baby blues stay for 3 to 5 days.

If someone’s baby blues don’t leave or feel gloomy or sad for longer than two weeks, postpartum depression in women can occur.

Feeling empty or sad after childbirth is not a normal condition for mothers.


Postpartum Depression in Women


Postpartum Depression in Women


Postpartum depression is a severe mental disorder that involves the brain. It can bring adverse effects on your daily activities and physical health.

If you have depression, then gloomy, or empty moods don’t leave, it can hamper your daily life.

You might feel isolated to your baby, like you are not the baby’s mother, or you might not take care of the baby.

These feelings can be slight to severe. Depression is most likely a common difficulty after pregnancy.

Approximately 10% of new mothers have postpartum depression.


Symptoms of Postpartum Depression in Women:


A few regular changes after the pregnancy can reason postpartum depression.

If any of the next symptoms continue for more than two weeks, ask your doctor:


  • Restless or short-tempered feeling,
  • Feeling sad, hopeless, or gloomy,
  • Crying lots,
  • Feelings to hurt the baby or herself
  • Lack of interest or connection to the baby, or feel lonely, like she is not the baby’s mother
  • Loss of energy or inspiration
  • Eating disorder
  • Sleeplessness or sleeping too much
  • The problem of concentrating or making decisions
  • Memory loss
  • Feeling valueless or guilty like a bad mother
  • Loss of interest in events you used to like
  • Withdrawing from friends and family
  • Having pains, headaches, and, or abdominal problems that don’t leave.
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Usually, a few mothers don’t tell anybody about their symptoms.

New mothers may feel nervous, or guilty for their depressed feeling.

Any mother can become depressed before or after childbirth, which doesn’t mean you are a bad mother.

Both you and your baby don’t have to be a sufferer.

Telling your doctor can help you to solve the symptoms of postpartum depression.


Causes of Postpartum Depression in Women:


Hormonal changes can cause postpartum depression.

During pregnancy, your estrogen and progesterone hormones level become high than ever.

After the first 24 hours of giving birth, hormone levels rapidly drop back to normal.

According to the Experts – rapid changes in hormone levels may cause to depression.

This is same to hormone changes before a woman’s menstruation.

Thyroid hormones level may also drop after childbirth.

The thyroid is a tiny gland in the neck that controls how your body uses and supplies energy from food.

Low thyroid hormones level can cause depression symptoms.

Only a blood test can tell your symptoms.

If so, your doctor can suggest thyroid medication.


Other feelings may lead to postpartum depression. Mothers with Postpartum Depression may have the following symptoms:


  • Tired after work and delivery
  • Overwhelmed with a new baby
  • Exhausted from a lack of sleep or broken sleep
  • Lack of self-confidence to be a good mother
  • Tension from changes in work and home routines
  • Wants to be a perfect mom, that is unrealistic
  • Less good-looking
  • Day-long busy


These are the common feelings among new mothers.

But postpartum depression is a severe health condition and can be cured.

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Risk Factors of Postpartum Depression in Women:


You may be at risk of postpartum depression if:


  • You or any of your family member has bipolar disorder history.
  • Anybody doesn’t get support from family and friends
  • You Were blue in the period of pregnancy
  • Had any previous pregnancy or birth problems.
  • You have money or relationship or problems
  • You are younger than 20
  • Someone with the alcoholic problem
  • You Have a baby with special requirements
  • Have a problem with breastfeeding
  • Had an unexpected or unwanted pregnancy


Treatments of Postpartum Depression in Mothers:


Treatments for postpartum depression are given below:


# Talk Therapy:


Talking therapy is suggested to talk a psychologist, therapist, or social worker to learn what you feel, think, and act for depression.


# Medicine:


Your doctor can suggest an antidepressant drug.

Doctors recommended medicines can help cure symptoms of depression.


# Electroconvulsive Therapy:


ECT can be applied in the last stages to cure postpartum depression.

The above-mentioned treatments can be applied alone or together.

Your depression can bring an adverse effect to your baby.

Getting treatment is vital for you and your baby.

Taking medicines or therapy does not make you a bad mother or a failure.

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