Know about Eating Disorders, Types and Symptoms

Eating disorder is a type of mental ailment. You may eat foods to control your mood. However, persons with eating disorders have an unhealthy link with foods. This may eat excessive or insufficient food. You may become obsessed if you have an eating disorder.

An eating disorder can happen to anybody. No matter the culture, age, gender, or ethnic background. It is calculated that about 30 million people are suffering from an eating disorder in the United States.

eating disorders

Types of Eating Disorders:


There are different types of eating disorders. This article covers Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, Binge Eating Disorder and ‘Other types of Identified Eating Disorders.’


# Anorexia Nervosa:


A person with anorexia always tries to keep their body’s weight as low as possible. He or she may think they are becoming overweight even though others say you are seriously thin. This category of people may panic gaining weight and discourage them from eating more.


Behavioral Symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa:


  • Eat faster than normal during a binge.
  • Eat when they are not hungry and until feel uncomfortably full.
  • Eat alone or secretly.
  • They have feelings of guilt, shame or disgust after binge eating.
  • Low confidence, depression, and anxiety.


Physical Symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa


  • Overweight for on age and height.
  • Exhaustion and sleeping difficulty.
  • Constipation and swelling


# Bulimia Nervosa:


A person with bulimia is commonly suffered from an unhealthy eating phase. They usually eat lots of food and then try to do something for weight loss. They may make vomit, take cathartics or over exercise. This type of eating is called ‘binging’ or ‘vomiting.’ A person with Bulimia Nervosa will commonly have a normal body weight. Other people usually do not see having these problems.

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Behavioral Symptoms of Bulimia Nervosa:


  • Feeling guilty after bingeing and purging.
  • Are influenced by food.
  • Unable to control their eating.
  • Have an unfair view of their body form or weight.
  • Have mood fluctuation.
  • Secretive about purging and bingeing.
  • Feel nervous and stressed.
  • Can be linked with depression, low confidence, and alcohol abuse and self-damage.


Physical Symptoms of Bulimia Nervosa:


  • Fading soon after eating.
  • Bumps on the back side of the hand. These are occurred by driving to be sick.
  • Stomach pain, inflating and constipation.
  • Digestive problems.
  • Being exhausted and not having liveliness.
  • In girls and females – menstruations stop or irregularity.
  • Repeated weight changes.
  • Hands and feet puffiness.


# Binge Eating Disorder (BED)


A person with binge eating disorder usually eats lots of food in a short time regularly. As with bulimia, they won’t feel control of eating. It is happened due to distress.  They may feel disconnected and struggle to remember what they have consumed.


Behavioral symptoms of Binge eating disorder:


  • Eat quicker than usual in the period of a binge.
  • Eat when they are not hungry and until feel awkwardly full.
  • Eat alone or behind somebody’s back.
  • Have feelings of guiltiness, shame or disgust after binge eating.
  • Low confidence, depression, and anxiety.


Physical Symptoms of Binge Eating Disorder:


  • Overweight for your age and height.
  • Exhaustion and sleeping problem.
  • Impairment and bloating.


# Other Eating Disorders and Problems:


Besides the above mentioned 3 types of eating disorder, people may have other eating disorder and problems. This does not mean that your disorder is less severe.


Orthorexia Nervosa:


Orthorexia is not a familiar clinical diagnosing. But many persons fight with this symptoms. Orthorexia happened if you give too much attention to eating food for feeling more healthy and pure yourself. It may start as a healthy diet but becomes harsh and compulsive. You may become disconnected from the society, for the reason that your plan your life around food.

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A person with pica may eat non- nutritional or non-food objects, for example, paint, chalk, stones, and clothing. Some of these objects may pass through our body without harm. But pica can be very risky. It can cause some health issues for example stomach and dental problems. We generally don’t realize what causes pica.


Chewing Disorder or ‘Chew and Spit:


Somebody may chew and spit out food without absorbing. They may do this over and over.


Selective Eating Disorder (SED)


Persons with selective eating disorders may eat certain foods or may reject to try other foods. It is common in young children. But the problem can continue into middle age.


How are Eating Disorders Diagnosed?


Doctors use different strategies for diagnosing different eating disorders. Procedures say which symptoms you should have and how long to get a specific diagnosis. These are the main recommendations:


  • International Classification of Diseases, formed by the World Health Organization (WHO)
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, developed by the American Psychiatric Association.


A health professional will assess you to diagnose. As part of the judgment they will:


  • Ask about your feelings, opinions, and activities,
  • Doctors will observe if there has been any quick weight loss,
  • Doctors will check your body mass index (BMI) is very high or very low,
  • Doctors will ask about your diets,
  • They may ask about your relationships, job, etc.


Eating Disorders Causes:


We don’t know the exact causes of eating disorders. Many people think that eating disorders occur due to social pressures to be thin. Social pressures could be fashion magazines or social media. Others believe that it is a technique to stay in control.

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Maximum experts believe that eating disorders happen because of mixing mental, ecological and genetic issues.


Mental Factors For Other Eating Disorders Could Be:


  • Becomes weak to depression and anxiety,
  • Feel stress tough to handle,
  • Upset a lot about the future,
  • Wants to be a perfectionist,
  • By controlling your emotions,
  • Have obsessive feelings.
  • A panic of being fat.


Environmental factors for other eating disorders could be:


  • Too much Pressure at school.
  • Harassment or Abuse
  • Having criticized for eating habits or body shape
  • Having problems in family relationships
  • Having difficulty in a job or hobby where needs to be thin is perfect, for example, dancing or sports.


Genetic factors for other eating disorders could be:


  • Ups and downs in the brain or hormone levels.
  • The family history of eating disorders, unhappiness or substance misapplication.


What should I do for an Eating Disorder?


Ask for help if you think that you have an eating disorder. The first step is commonly to visit your doctor. They can send you to an expert if required.

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