It’s common to feel down sometimes, however, most of the time if you’re unhappy and it disturbs your regular life, you may have medicinal depression. It’s a situation you can get cure with medicine, talking to a psychoanalyst, and changes to your way of life.
There are several types of depression. Activities in your life occur some, and chemical process in your brain cause others.
Whatever the reason, take the initiative to inform your doctor about feeling. They may send you to a mental health professional to help find out the most common types of depression you have. This analysis is vital in determining the correct treatment of depression for you.
The Most Common Types of Depression:
# Major Depression
You may hear your doctor say this “major depressive disorder. This is one of the most common types of depression if you feel unhappy most of the days of the week.
Other Symptoms of Major Depression:
- Loss of interest or liking in daily events.
- Weight gain or loss.
- Sleep Problem that means trouble getting to sleep or feeling sleepy in the day
- Feelings stressed and restless, or else very lazy and slowed down bodily or mentally
- Being exhausted and without energy
- Feeling valueless or uncomfortable
- Trouble thinking or making judgments
- Feelings of suicide
Your doctor might diagnose you if you have 5 or more symptoms of major depression for two weeks or longer. As a minimum 1 of the symptom must be a blue mood or loss of interest in daily activities.
Talking therapy can help. Visit a mental health professional, who can find ways to cure depression. The antidepressant drug can also be beneficial.
When medicine and therapy aren’t working, two other alternatives your doctor may advise are:
- Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)
- Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
ECT uses electrical pulses and rTMS uses a particular type of magnet to stimulate a specific part of your brain activity. It helps the particular parts of your brain that manage your mood to work better.
# Persistent Depressive Disorder:
If Depression continues for 2 years or longer, it’s known as the persistent depressive disorder. This term is used to describe two conditions previously known as chronic major depression and dysthymia (minor persistent depression).
Other Symptoms of Persistent Depressive Disorder for example:
- Change in your taste.
- Lack of energy, or tiredness
- Sleep problems
- Low self-confidence
- Trouble focusing or making decisions
- Feel disheartened
You may be cured with psychotherapy, medicine, or a mixture of the two.
# Bipolar Disorder:
The most common types of depression are “bipolar disorder”, which is also occasionally called “manic depression”. A person with bipolar disorder has mood fluctuation range from high to low during the day.
When you’re in the low stage, you’ll have the symptoms of major depression.
Medicines can help get back your mood bounces under control. Either you have high, or a low period, your doctor may advise a mood stabilizer, for example, lithium.
The FDA has approved the following 3 medicines to handle the depressed period:
- Olanzapine-fluoxetine mixture
Doctors occasionally suggest other medications “off-label” for bipolar depression, for example, the anticonvulsant lamotrigine.
A traditional antidepressant drug is not always suggested as preliminary treatments for bipolar depression because there’s no evidence from research that these pills are more useful than a placebo (a sugar pill) in handling depression for the person with bipolar disorder. Besides, taking the traditional antidepressant drugs may increase the possibility of the “high” level of illness for some people with bipolar disorders. Or quickening the rate of having more sequences over time.
Psychotherapy can help you and your family also.
# Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD):
Seasonal affective disorder is one of the most common types of depression that most regularly occurs during winter, when the days become short, and you get less sunshine. It naturally goes away in the spring and summer months.
If you have Seasonal Affective Disorder, an antidepressant drug can help. Try to take the light therapy daily. You’ll require to sit in front of a bright light box for about 15-20 minutes daily.
# Psychotic Depression:
A person with psychotic depression have the symptoms of major depression along with “psychotic” signs, for example:
- Hallucinations or illusions (hearing or seeing things that aren’t existence)
- Misbeliefs (false opinions)
- Paranoia (mistakenly trusting somebody those are trying to hurt you)
A mixture of antidepressant drug and the neuroleptic drug can care for psychotic depression. Electroconvulsive therapy may also be a selection.
# Peripartum (Postpartum) Depression:
Women with major depression such as 5 to 25 days after childbirth may have peripartum depression. Antidepressants can help in treating major depression that is not linked to giving birth.
# Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
Women with Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder have depression and other symptoms such as:
- Mood swings
- Trouble thinking
- Change in craving or sleep habits
- Feelings of being speechless
Antidepressant drugs or occasionally oral contraceptives can care for Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder.
# Situational’ Depression:
This isn’t a methodological term in psychiatry. But you can have a sad situation, if you have troubles handling a hectic experience in your life, for example, a death in your family member, losing a job or a divorce. Doctors may call this “stress response syndrome.”
Psychotherapy may help you cure the depression connected to a stressful situation.
# Atypical Depression:
It is different than the lasting blues of typical depression. It is regarded to be a “specifier” that describes a form of depressive symptoms. If you have atypical depression, a decisive event can briefly boost your mood.
Other symptoms of atypical depression such as:
- Raised hunger level.
- Sleeping more than normal
- Feeling of weightiness in your arms and legs
- Emotional to disapproval
Antidepressant drugs can help. Your doctor may advise taking- “Selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitor “as the first-stage treatment.
They may also suggest a traditional antidepressant drug called “monoamine oxidase inhibitor” which has been well-researched in curing atypical depression.